Competition Scenarios

Theory Test
Knowledge and Skills Required:
  • Rope Rescue Techniques
  • Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
  • First Aid
  • Fire Fighting
  • Hazardous Materials Response
  • Road Accident Rescue

Teams are tested on their knowledge of the theory component to each of the rescue scenarios.  The theory exam consists of multiple choice questions and all seven members of the team participate.

The scoring is as follows:

Correct answer : +1 point
Incorrect answer: - 1 point
No answer:  0 points

The Theory Test is the first "event" of the competition and allows teams to shake off the nerves, focus on their knowledge and settle in for the scenarios to come.  Teams have 45 minutes to answer 20 questions per discipline.

Individual Skills
Knowledge and Skills Required:
  • Rope Rescue Techniques
  • Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
  • First Aid
  • Fire Fighting
  • Hazardous Materials Response
  • Road Accident Rescue

Five team members excluding the captain and team medic participate in the individual skills’ event.

The Chief Adjudicator shall choose the skills tested. Although the format may vary, generally the individual skills event gives each individual the opportunity to demonstrate both theoretical and practical skills in a short time frame – usually 5 minutes per discipline.  Disciplines may include skills and knowledge from any competition event.  Each member participates in isolation without consultation or assistance from any other team members.

Underground Search and Rescue Scenario
Knowledge and Skills Required:
  • Fresh Air Base procedures
  • Donning procedures
  • Team travel
  • Search techniques
  • Patient recovery techniques
  • Doffing procedures
  • BG4 after use servicing and testing

The Underground Search and Rescue event is a practical skills challenge. After completion of the exercise, the team is required to service all equipment and return it to operational readiness. Servicing of the equipment may be assessed as part of the event and a theory component for each individual team member may be undertaken during the service period.

Hazardous Materials Scenario
Knowledge and Skills Required:
  • Methods of identifying hazardous materials
  • Types of hazards and safe handling techniques
  • The nature and properties of hazardous materials
  • Principles of incident control and scene management
  • Breathing apparatus procedures
  • Containment techniques
  • Use and limitations of protective clothing and equipment
  • Toxic effects on humans exposed to hazardous materials
  • Decontamination principles and procedures

The Hazmat Scenario tests a team’s knowledge of and response to a variety of hazardous materials      incidents. Teams battle to assess and contain the situation, whilst maintaining the safety of their crew and responding to casualties.  Identifying the hazardous substance involved is paramount as it determines the rest of the response, from team personal protective equipment through to the treatment of casualties.

The Hazmat scenario is based on a number of units of competency, including but not limited to:

PUAFIR320 Render hazardous materials incidents safe
PUAFIR316 Identify, detect and monitor hazardous materials at an incident

First–Aid Scenario
Knowledge and Skills Required:
  • Infection control and personal protection
  • Plan and undertake a first aid response
  • Utilise first aid equipment and supplies
  • Casualty assessment, i.e. DRSBCD principles, secondary surveys
  • Triage (sorting)
  • Oxygen Therapy/Resuscitation
  • Wound management
  • Common medical conditions
  • Effective incident communication

The First Aid Scenario tests a team to their limits, managing a mass casualty situation whilst maintaining the safety of the rescue team at all times.  The role of the team medic is highlighted, as triage (the practice of ‘prioritising’ patient treatment on the basis of injury severity) is conducted.  Teams must address a range of medical conditions and physical injuries with the aim of stabilising all casualties for medical transport.

The First Aid Scenario is based on a number of units of competency, including but not limited to:

HLTFA301B    Apply first aid     
HLTFA302A    Provide first aid in remote situation
HLTFA402B    Apply advanced first aid
HLTFA404A    Apply advanced resuscitation techniques
HLTCPR201A Perform CPR

Rescue from Heights Scenario
Knowledge and Skills Required:
  • Vertical Rescue concepts and practices
  • Correct use and maintenance of rescue equipment
  • Rope rescue systems
  • Anchor systems
  • Haulage systems
  • Effective scene management
  • Patient recovery devices and techniques
  • Fall related injuries (ie suspension trauma)

Rescue from Heights is a scenario designed to test teams on the safe navigation of themselves and others in a vertical environment. Incident response may require lifting and lowering of casualties and moving them horizontally over obstacles.  To further demonstrate safe selection, storage and maintenance of specialised items, all teams supply their own rope rescue equipment.  The key element in a successful   vertical rescue scenario is problem solving. Teams must draw on extensive vertical rescue knowledge to develop their rescue plan from start to finish before commencement, resulting in a high pressure event that is a favourite with spectators.

The Vertical Rescue scenario is based on a number of units of competency, including but not limited to:

PUASAR004B Undertake vertical rescue

B.A. Search and Rescue Scenario
Knowledge and Skills Required:
  • Inspecting, donning, operating in, removal, cleaning, maintaining and returning to operational status of breathing apparatus
  • Entry control procedures and management
  • Use of Distress Signal Unit
  • Search techniques
  • Guideline techniques
  • Patient recovery techniques
  • Toxic effects of irrespirable atmospheres

The BA Search and Rescue scenario aim to closely mimic a hostile environment – without actually creating one! Via use of a smoke generator or blacking out of BA masks, teams must navigate obstacles literally in the dark, to find, assess and rescue casualties.  Rescue efforts are further challenged by obstacles, fallen objects and obscure search areas . The importance of effective communication is highlighted by the lack of visual contact between search teams and their captain, requiring effective radio use.

The Search & Rescue scenario is based on a number of units of competency, including but not limited to:

PUAFIR207B Operate breathing apparatus open circuit

Road Accident Rescue Scenario
Knowledge and Skills Required:
  • Ability to work in teams
  • Provide emergency care to casualties
  • Apply relevant RAR techniques
  • The stages of rescue
  • Apply scene assessment and management procedures
  • Principle of the Golden Hour
  • Hydraulic rescue equipment operation
  • Systematic approach to rescue of persons in vehicles
  • Vehicle stabilisation/isolation
  • Hazards and management of SRS (ie airbags)
  • Vehicle construction and hazards created by cutting panels

The road accident rescue event is one of the most real-to-life of all the scenarios. Teams are presented with a simulated road crash, complete with crushed vehicles, entrapped casualties and hazards to rescue workers. Teams must conduct a scene assessment and identify a suitable technique for gaining entry to the vehicle and freeing casualties for treatment. Co-ordination of the team by the Captain is at the forefront of a successful road accident rescue due to the time critical nature of the event. 

The Road Accident Rescue scenario is based on a number of units of competency, including but not limited to:

PUASAR002B Undertake road accident rescue
PUASAR001A Participate in a rescue operation

Fire Fighting Scenario
Knowledge and Skills Required:
  • RECEO principle of fire fighting
  • Fire ground safety
  • Hose and branch skills including minor equipment
  • Application of appropriate extinguishing agents
  • Breathing apparatus
  • Make up, care and maintenance of firefighting equipment

The Fire Fighting scenario provides an opportunity for teams to test their skills in a controlled, real fire situation. This scenario is one of the more difficult for teams to simulate on their own site, hence the   value of the training delivered via this event.  Teams must employ the “RECEO” principle in their           approach to the incident (Rescue, Exposures, Contain, Extinguish, Overhaul) to ensure casualty rescue, followed by asset protection as the key priorities.

The Fire Fighting scenario is based on a number of units of competency, including but not limited to:

PUAFIR203B Respond to urban fire
PUAFIR204B Respond to wildfire
PUAFIR309A Operate pumps

CMMDarwin CoordinatorsDarwin Mining ClubDräegerERGTFernoMcArthur River MiningMinerals Council of Australia NTNewmont Asia PacificOHMS HygenePT RescueSANVIK